Jaurès, Jean

(1859-1914)
   political figure, philosopher, historian Considered a great French patriot and humanitarian, as well as a Socialist leader, Jean Jaurès was born in Castres, Tarn, and became professor of philosophy at Albi, then at the university of Toulouse. In 1885, he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies but was defeated in the election of 1889. He then returned to teaching and wrote his thesis, De la réalité du monde sensible: Les Origines du socialisme allemand chez Luther, Kant, Fichte, Hegel (1891). Elected as a Socialist deputy for Carmaux (1893), Jaurès worked for the unification of the socialist movement in France. in 1898, he took a position supporting Captain Alfred dreyfus (Preuves, 1898) and subsequently defended the participation of the Socialist Alexandre millerand in the waldeck-rousseau government of 1899 over the opposition of jules guesde and other party leaders. Jaurès took this position to save the threatened republic from its enemies on the Right. in 1904, he founded the socialist daily, l'humanité and, in 1905, unified the warring factions of French socialism into a single coalition, the section française de L'internationale ouvrière (SFIO). Jaurès also continued to speak and write extensively. As a member of the Parlement, he supported laws on public education and workers rights, and strongly criticized French colonialism and imperialism. At the same time, he urged international arbitration of disputes among nations. Just as his socialism was liberal and democratic, his internationalism and pacifism were tied to a democratic patriotism, linked also with his idea for a "new army." Opposed to the coming world war, Jaurès was shot and killed by a nationalist in July 1914, on the eve of World War I. As the nation went to war, the government publicly mourned his death. in 1924, his remains were transferred to the Panthéon. An individual respected for his honesty, idealism, and patriotism, Jaurès has left other writings, including Action socialiste (1899); Études socialistes (1901); and his major work, Histoire socialiste de la Révolution française, 1789-1900, published between 1901 and 1908.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jaurès, Jean — ▪ French politician born Sept. 3, 1859, Castres, Fr. died July 31, 1914, Paris  French socialist leader, cofounder of the newspaper L Humanité, and member of the French Chamber of Deputies (1885–89, 1893–98, 1902–14); he achieved the unification… …   Universalium

  • Jaurès,Jean — Jau·rès (zhô rĕsʹ), Jean. 1859 1914. French journalist and leader of the French Socialist Party before World War I. In 1914 he argued for arbitration rather than armed conflict between the Triple Entente and the Triple Alliance. Jaurès was… …   Universalium

  • Jaurès, Jean — (1854–1914)    A leading socialist before World War I, Jaurès acknowledged the value of Marxism but without committing himself to Marxism as such. He embraced class struggle and the goal of socialism, seeking to combine historical materialism… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Jaurés, Jean — ► (1859 1914) Político francés. Fue diputado por primera vez en 1885 y pronto llegó a ser el líder del Partido Socialista francés. Fundó L´Humanité (1904), tomó parte activa en el affaire Dreyfus y se distinguió por sus campañas pacifistas.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • JAURÈS, JEAN LÉON° — (1859–1914), French Socialist politician. The dreyfus case brought him to the forefront of the political scene. At first Jaurès sided with the Socialists, who regarded the affair as a phase in the inner struggle of the ruling class. Later,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Jaurés — Jaurés, Jean …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jaures — Jean Jaurès Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jaurès. Jean Jaurès Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean JAURÈS — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jaurès. Jean Jaurès Naissance …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jean Jaurès — Jean Léon Jaurès (full name Auguste Marie Joseph Jean Léon Jaurès; 3 September 1859ndash 31 July 1914) was a French Socialist leader. Initially an Opportunist Republican, he evolved into one of the first social democrats, becoming the leader, in… …   Wikipedia

  • Jean Jaures — Jean Jaurès Jean Jaurès …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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